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Find sources: — · · · · July 2015 Post office sign in showing postcode 2607 A postal code also known locally in various English-speaking countries throughout the world as a postcode, post code, PIN or ZIP Code is a series of letters or or both, sometimes including spaces or punctuation, included in a for the purpose of sorting.
In February 2005, 117 of the 190 member countries of the had postal code systems.
Although postal codes are usually assigned to geographical areas, special codes are sometimes assigned to individual addresses or to institutions that receive large volumes of mail, such as government agencies and large commercial companies.
One example is the French system.
Sometimes called a PIN code.
This happened first in large cities.
Postal codes began with postal district numbers or postal zone numbers within large cities.
Bysuch postal district or zone numbers existed in various large European cities.
They existed in the United States at least as early as the 1920s, possibly implemented at the local post office level only for example, instances of "Boston 9, Mass" in 1920 are attested, although they were evidently not used throughout all major US cities implemented -wide until.
By 1930 or earlier the idea of extending postal district or zone numbering plans beyond large cities to cover even small towns and rural locales was in the air.
These developed into postal codes as they are defined today.
The name of US postal codes, "ZIP codes", reflects this evolutionary growth from a zone plan to a zone improvement plan, "ZIP".
Modern postal codes were first introduced in the in December 1932, but the system was abandoned in 1939.
The next country to introduce postal codes was Germany in 1941, followed by Singapore in 1950, Argentina in 1958, the United States in 1963 and Switzerland in 1964.
The United Kingdom began introducing its current system in Norwich in 1959, but they were not used nationwide until 1974.
Green are country-level databases with open access, red are commercial and non-open.
But modern digital maps can generate geocodes e.
Classical postcodes are administrated by a central authority: this control can be used to obtain profits when data is not opened.
By 2016, according to ODI Open Data Index is an 's projectonly 8% of postal codes a postal code in america opened.
But as almost all existing combinations are now used, these letters were allowed for new locations starting 2005.
The letter combinations "SS""SD"and "SA" are not used for historical reasons.
The letters W and Z are used, but are not currently used as the first letter.
The Canadian Postal Codes use alternate letters and numbers with a space after the 3rd character in this format: A9A 9A9 In the system uses the following letters only: A, C, D, E, F, H, K, N, P, R, T, V, W, X, Y.
Alphanumeric systems can, given the same number of characters, encode many more locations.
For example, while a 2 digit numeric code can represent 100 locations, a 2 character alphanumeric code using ten numbers and twenty letters can represent 900 locations.
In some countries such as inwhere a numeric a postal code in america format of four or a postal code in america digits is commonly used the numeric postal code is sometimes prefixed with a when sending international mail to that country.
In most English-speaking countries, the postal code forms the last item of the address, following the city or town name, whereas in most continental European countries it precedes the name of the city or town.
When it follows the city it may be on the same line or on a new line.
In,it is written at the beginning of an address.
Sometimes codes are assigned to individual addresses or to institutions that receive large volumes of mail, e.
One example is the French system.
The newer postal code systems often incorporate the old zone numbers, as with numbers, for example.
In, and were divided into postal zones, but these fell into disuse, and have now become redundant as a result of a new postcode system being introduced.
Three cantons are not in any province CC - one of the.
Format of 5 digit numericintroduced a postal code in america 2007: ABBCC A - one of the 7 7 of 10 used, i.
In Costa Rica these codes are also used by the National Institute for Statistics and Census INSEC.
The first two digits of the correspond to the and each province has assigned only one number.
They are the same for them as in.
The first two digits of the indicate a.
Some provinces have one, other have several two digit numbers assigned.
The numbers differ from the number used in.
Each color shows a set of administrative areas, and the hierarchy of codes relating indirectly to them.
In France the numeric code for the departments is used as the first two digits of the postal code, except for the two departments in that have codes 2A and 2B and use 20 as postal code.
Furthermore, the codes are this web page the codes for the department in charge of delivery of the post, so it can be that a location in one department has a postal code starting with the number of learn more here neighbouring department.
From the first three digits with some exceptionsone can deduce the state.
Similarly, inthe first letter indicates the province or territory, although the provinces of and are divided into several lettered sub-regions e.
H for andand the and share the letter X.
Zone 11 is non-geographic.
Nevertheless, people associated codes with certain areas, leading to some people wanting or not wanting to have a certain code.
In the are an evolution of the 5-digit area postal codes.
In the 1990s the Brazilian 5-digit postal code illustratedDDDDD, received a 3-digit suffix DDDDD-SSS, but this suffix is not directly related to the administrative district hierarchy.
The suffix was created only for logistic reasons.
Each color is an 8-digit postal code, usually assigned to a side odd or even numbered of a street.
The same colors polygons indicate the same postal codes.
In any other case a postal code in america is an error to associate the postal code with the whole land lot area: a lot may have no or more than one delivery point.
A postal code is often related to abut this is not always the case.
Postal codes are usually related to access points on streets.
Small or middle-sized houses, in general, only have a single main gate which is the delivery point.
Parks, large businesses such as shopping centres, and big houses, may have more than one entrance and more than one delivery point.
So the semantic of an address and its postal code can vary, and one may have more than one postal code.
In Brazil only the suffixes 900-959, that designate large post-receivers, can be assigned to lots.
The code consists of 5 digits formatted into two groups: NNN NN.
Originally, the first group marked a district transport centre, the second group represented the order of post offices on the collection route.
In the first group, the first digit corresponds partly with the region, the second digit meant a collection transport node sběrný přepravní uzel, SPU and the third digit a "district transport node" okresní přepravní uzel.
However, processing was later centralized and mechanized while codes remained the same.
After separation Slovakia and the Czech Republic kept the system.
Codes with an initial digit of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, or 7 are used in the Czech Republic, while codes with an initial digit of 8, 9, or 0 are used in Slovakia A code corresponds to a local postal office.
However, some larger companies or organizations have their own post codes.
In 2004—2006 there were some efforts in Slovakia to reform the system, to get separate post codes for every district of single postmen, but the change was not realized.
The PIN system was introduced on 15 August 1972 by India Post.
India uses a unique 6-digit code as a geographical number to identify locations in India.
The format of the PIN is ZSDPPP defined as follows: Z — Zone S — Sub-zone D — Sorting District PPP — Post Office There are 9 total zones consisting of 8 regional zones and 1 functional zone which are represented by the first digit.
These 7-character alphanumerical codes are in the format: A99 XXXX While it is not intended to replace addresses, in theory simply providing a 7-character Eircode would locate any Go here delivery address.
For example, the Irish Parliament is: D02 A272 The first three digits are the routing key, which is a postal district and the last four characters are a unique identifier which relates to an individual address business, house or apartment.
A fully developed API is also available for integrating the Eircode database into business database and logistics systems.
Adding the house number to the postcode will identify the address, making the street name and town name redundant.
For example: 2597 GV 75 will direct a postal delivery to Theo Mann-Bouwmeesterlaan 75, the International School of The Hague.
The postcode together with the number or name of a property is not always unique, particularly in rural areas.
The structure is alphanumeric, with the following six valid formats, as defined by 7666: A9 9AA A9A 9AA A99 9AA AA9 9AA AA9A 9AA AA99 9AA There are always two halves: the separation between outward and inward postcodes is indicated by one space.
The outward postcode covers a unique area and has two parts which may in total be two, three or four characters in length.
A postcode area of one or two letters, followed by one or two numbers, followed in some parts of London by a letter.
The outward postcode and the leading numeric of the inward postcode in combination forms a postal sector, and this usually corresponds to a couple of thousand properties.
Larger businesses and isolated properties such as farms may have a unique postcode.
Extremely large organisations such as larger government offices or bank headquarters may have multiple postcodes for different departments.
There are source 100 postcode areas, ranging widely in size from which covers the whole of to for https://casino-money-win-bonus.site/code/promo-code-for-dollar-rent-a-car.html small part of.
Postcode areas occasionally cross national boundaries, such as which covers a large, predominantly rural promo code for amazon prime from and in, through to the seaside town ofon ' west coast.
The first three numbers identify a specific —or central sorting facility—that serves a geographic region typically a large part of a state.
There is an extended format of the ZIP Code known as thewhich contains the basic five-digit ZIP Code, followed by a hyphen and four additional digits.
These digits identify a specific delivery route, such as one side of a building, a group of apartments, or several floors of a large office building.
Although using the ZIP+4 offers higher accuracy, addressing redundancy, and sorting efficiency within theit is optional and not widely used by the general public.
It is primarily only used by business mailers.
For high volume business mailers using automated mailing machines, the USPS has promulgated the standard, which is a barcode containing the ZIP+4 code plus a two digit.
This 11-digit number is theoretically a unique identifier for every address in the country.
The British ofand the are part of the UK postcode system.
They use the schemes AAN NAA and AANN NAA, here which the first two letters are a unique code GY, JE and IM respectively.
Most of the Overseas Territories have UK-style postcodes, with a single postcode for each territory or dependency, although they are still treated as international destinations by Royal Mail in the UK, and charged at international rather than UK inland rates.
The four other Overseas Territories, and have their own separate systems and formats.
The Pacific island states ofand the remain part of the US check this out, despite having become independent states.
The and still uses the codes of the formertheir ranges not overlapping.
In 2004—2006, Slovakia prepared a reform of the system but the plan was postponed and maybe abandoned.
In Czechia, there was no significant effort to modify the system.
A non-geographic series of postcodes, starting with BX, is used by some banks and government departments.
In the special postal code 99999 is forthe place where Santa Claus Joulupukki in is said to live, although mail is delivered to the in.
In the amount of mail sent to Santa Claus increased everyup to the point that Canada Post decided to start an official Santa Claus letter-response program in 1983.
Approximately one million letters come in to Santa Claus each Christmas, including from outside of Canada, and all of them are answered in the same languages in which they are written.
Canada Post introduced a special address for mail to Santa Claus, complete with its : SANTA CLAUS NORTH POLE H0H 0H0 In Belgium sends a small present to children who have written a letter to.
They can use the non-geographic postal code 0612, which refers to the date Sinterklaas is celebrated 6 Decemberalthough a fictional town, street and house number are also used.
In Dutch, the address is Sinterklaas Spanjestraat 1 0612 Hemel This translates as "1 Spain Street, 0612 Heaven".
You can help by.
December 2009 While postal codes were introduced to expedite the delivery of mail, they are very useful tools for several other purposes, particularly in countries where codes are very fine-grained and identify just a few addresses.
A computer program uses the postal codes of the target address and the branches to list the closest branches in order of distance or, if used in conjunction with street map software, road distance.
This can be used by companies to inform potential customers where to go, by to find jobs for job-seekers, to alert people of applications in their area, and a great many other applications.
In some countries, the postal authorities charge for access to the code database.
As of January 2010the United Kingdom Government is consulting on whether to for some geographical data sets to be determined related to UK postcodes.
Ukrainian Philatelic and Numismatic Society.
Retrieved 3 October 2018.
Archived from on 2009-11-19.
Archived from on 2011-02-25.
Retrieved 8 February 2013.
Press Release 07 published in Daily Gleaner.
Archived from on 2010-02-26.
Archived from on 28 January 2013.
Retrieved 15 August 2015.
Retrieved 2 May 2018.
Retrieved 27 April 2009.
Retrieved 2 May 2018.
Retrieved 2 May 2018.
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Я думаю, что Вы не правы. Могу отстоять свою позицию. Пишите мне в PM.
Шикарно, где взять можно?
Коленки бы прикрыла))))))))))))))))
Ждем на стопочку :)
Даа… Пока это у нас не сильно развито, так что придётся чуть подождать.
Вот это реал...уважуха...Респект!
Есть еще много вариантов
Да вы талант :)
Кого я могу спросить?
По моему мнению Вы ошибаетесь. Пишите мне в PM, пообщаемся.
Вместо критики пишите свои варианты.
а я думал, что начальным прочитал… (вот так всегда) сказано неплохо - кратко и комфортно для прочтения и осмысления.
Замечательно, полезная штука
Надеюсь, всё нормально
Хороший пост! Читать мне было интересно. Теперь буду еще чаще заглядывать к вам на блог.
Весьма полезный топик
Невероятно. Это кажется невозможным.
настоящая проблема для нашего времени, с нетерпением буду ждать продолжения Ваших рассуждений на по этому вопросу. А так просто супер=)
Полностью разделяю Ваше мнение. В этом что-то есть и мне кажется это отличная идея. Я согласен с Вами.
Совершенно верно! Идея отличная, согласен с Вами.
Я думаю, Вы придёте к правильному решению. Не отчаивайтесь.
Весьма забавное мнение
Как по мне смысл раскрыт дальше некда, аффтор сделал максимум, за что ему респект!
ну что тут скажешь…
Присоединяюсь. Всё выше сказанное правда. Давайте обсудим этот вопрос.
Вьюга пусть на целый год,